Describes a language statement that you can use to run a command block (about_While)


Describes a language statement that you can use to run a command block
based on the results of a conditional test.

The While statement (also known as a While loop) is a language construct
for creating a loop that runs commands in a command block as long as a
conditional test evaluates to true. The While statement is easier to
construct than a For statement because its syntax is less complicated.
In addition, it is more flexible than the Foreach statement because you
specify a conditional test in the While statement to control how many times
the loop runs.

The following shows the While statement syntax:

while (<condition>){<statement list>}

When you run a While statement, Windows PowerShell evaluates
the <condition> section of the statement before entering the
<statement list> section. The condition portion of the statement resolves
to either true or false. As long as the condition remains true, Windows
PowerShell reruns the <statement list> section.

The <statement list> section of the statement contains one or more commands
that are run each time the loop is entered or repeated.

For example, the following While statement displays the numbers 1
through 3 if the $val variable has not been created or if the $val variable
has been created and initialized to 0.

while($val -ne 3)
Write-Host $val

In this example, the condition ($val is not equal to 3) is true while
$val = 0, 1, 2. Each time through the loop, $val is incremented by 1
using the ++ unary increment operator ($val++). The last time through
the loop, $val = 3. When $val equals 3, the condition statement
evaluates to false, and the loop exits.

To conveniently write this command at the Windows PowerShell command
prompt, you can enter it in the following way:

while($val -ne 3){$val++; Write-Host $val}

Notice that the semicolon separates the first command that adds 1 to
$val from the second command that writes the value of $val to the


C:\Windows>powershell get-help about_wildcards -full

ColorConsole [Version 1.7.1000] PowerShell 2.0-Export
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.1.7600]
Copyright (c) 2014 Microsoft Corporation.

OS: Windows 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista / Windows Server 2016, 2012, 2008
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PowerShell: Describes a language statement that you can use to run a command block

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