COPY: Copies one or more files to another location.


... The examples for the command "COPY"
... "COPY" Excerpt from Microsoft Windows Help
... Important information, tips for the "COPY" command

The command: "COPY" is on Windows 11, 10, .. available

The examples for the command "COPY"

The `COPY` command in Windows Command Prompt is used to copy files and directories. Here are some examples with comments: Example 1: Copy a file:

COPY file.txt target directory\

Description: This command copies the file "file.txt" to the specified destination directory. Example 2: Copy all TXT files to a target directory:

COPY *.txt target directory\

Description: Here all TXT files in the current directory are copied to the specified target directory. Example 3: Copy all files and subdirectories (recursively):

COPY Source directory\* Destination directory\ /E

Description: This command copies all files and subdirectories of the source directory to the target directory. The `/E` option stands for “recursive” and ensures that subdirectories are also copied. Example 4: Copy multiple files to a destination directory:

COPY file1.txt file2.txt target directory\

Description: Here the files “File1.txt” and “File2.txt” are copied to the specified target directory. Example 5: Copy all files of a specific extension to a target directory:

COPY source directory\*.png target directory\

Description: This command copies all PNG files from the source directory to the destination directory. Example 6: Overwriting files without asking:

COPY /Y file.txt target directory\

Description: `/Y` disables the confirmation prompt when overwriting files. Example 7: Maintain directory structure:

COPY Source directory\*.* Destination directory\ /S

Description: Here the directory structure of the source directory including files is copied to the target directory. `/S` stands for “including subdirectories”. Example 8: Copy files of specific size:

COPY *.txt target directory\ /ASH /MIN:1024 /MAX:2048

Description: In this example, all TXT files between 1KB and 2KB in size are copied to the target directory. `/ASH` excludes system files and hidden files. Example 9: Show help:

COPY /?

Description: This command displays help and information about the available options for the `COPY` command. It is important to understand the syntax and options of the `COPY` command to copy files and directories correctly. Also note that the `COPY` command in Command Prompt cannot recursively copy subdirectories. For recursive copy operations, using `XCOPY` or `ROBOCOPY` may make more sense.

"COPY" Excerpt from Microsoft Windows Help

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19045.3693]
(c) Copyright 1985-2023 Microsoft Corp.

C:\\WINDOWS>

Copies one or more files to another location.

COPY [/D] [/V] [/N] [/Y | /-Y] [/Z] [/A | /B ] source [/A | /B]
     [+ source [/A | /B] [+ ...]] [destination [/A | /B]]

  source       Specifies the file or files to be copied.
  /A           Indicates an ASCII text file.
  /B           Indicates a binary file.
  /D           Allow the destination file to be created decrypted
  destination  Specifies the directory and/or filename for the new file(s).
  /V           Verifies that new files are written correctly.
  /N           Uses short filename, if available, when copying a file with a
               non-8dot3 name.
  /Y           Suppresses prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
               existing destination file.
  /-Y          Causes prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
               existing destination file.
  /Z           Copies networked files in restartable mode.

The switch /Y may be preset in the COPYCMD environment variable.
This may be overridden with /-Y on the command line.  Default is
to prompt on overwrites unless COPY command is being executed from
within a batch script.

To append files, specify a single file for destination, but multiple files
for source (using wildcards or file1+file2+file3 format).

Important information, tips for the "COPY" command

There are a few important points to note when using the `COPY` command in the Windows Command Prompt: 1. Syntax and Parameters: Make sure to use the correct syntax and required parameters for the `COPY` command. The general syntax is: `COPY source targets`. 2. Path Specifications: Use full path specifications for the source and destination directories to ensure that the command finds and copies the correct files. 3. Spaces in filenames: If filenames contain spaces, use quotation marks to ensure that the input is interpreted correctly. Example: `COPY "File with spaces.txt" target directory\`. 4. Overwriting files: Note that by default the `COPY` command asks if a file already exists in the destination directory. You can disable this with the `/Y` option, but be careful to avoid accidental overwriting.

   COPY /Y Source Target
   
5. Recursive copy: The `COPY` command itself cannot recursively copy subdirectories. If you need a recursive copy, you might consider tools like `XCOPY` or `ROBOCOPY`. 6. Error Handling: The `COPY` command usually prints a message when an error occurs. Check the messages carefully to ensure that all files were copied successfully. 7. Attribute Filter: You can filter attributes to exclude or include certain types of files. For example, `/A` for all files, `/AS` for all but system files, and `/AH` for all but hidden files. 8. Batch scripts: If you use `COPY` in a batch script, note that you can use the `%ERRORLEVEL%` variable to check the return value to see if the copy operation was successful.

   IF %ERRORLEVEL% EQU 0 (
       ECHO Copy process successful.
   ) ELSE (
       ECHO Error during copying process.
   )
   
9. File Size and Type: If you want to copy specific files based on their size or type, you can use the `/MIN` and `/MAX` options.

   COPY *.txt target directory\ /MIN:1024 /MAX:2048
   
10. Data Backup: It is always advisable to back up important data before copy operations, especially if overwrites or major file manipulations are planned. Keep these points in mind to use the `COPY` command effectively and safely. If you need more advanced features, you could also consider tools like `XCOPY` or `ROBOCOPY`, which offer more extensive copying and synchronization functions.


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Windows-10


... Windows 10 FAQ
... Windows 10 How To


Windows 10 How To


... Windows 11 How To
... Windows 10 FAQ



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